Prostate exam incudes PSA, DRE, prostate ultrasound measurement, and prostate biopsy tests. [more]
A normal sized prostate on the left and an enlarged prostate on the right. [more]
Inflammation and infection from prostatitis may cause gross hematuria (blood in urine).[more]
Prostate exam is a combination of tests performed on men to diagnose prostate symptoms, including annual check-ups of the prostate gland. The main purpose of the prostate exam is to look for prostate cancer. The male prostate is a walnut-sized gland located around the urethra (the pathway through which urine flows out of the body). The function of the prostate gland is to aid in the creation of alkaline fluid found in semen which extends the life of the spermatozoa. A prostate exam also looks at urinary symptoms from an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia), such as urinary retention. Bladder symptoms are very similar to Prostate cancer and prostatitis (prostate inflammation or infection) which include microscopic hematuria and gross hematuria.
Prostate exam can be performed by your general practitioner or a more thorough exam by urology specialists. The exam may include obtaining a urine specimen, drawing blood for a PSA test (prostate specific antigen), and performing a digital rectal exam, or DRE. PSA test results that show high prostate PSA levels may be one of the signs of prostate cancer. Our urologists might perform another PSA test or order further prostate cancer screening, such as a prostate ultrasound with a prostate biopsy. This is a prostate test that our urologists can perform to see the prostate with ultrasound and extract prostate tissue that is suspect of containing prostate cancer cells.
If you are experiencing abnormal prostate symptoms, such as frequent urination, weak or slow urinary streams, or the inability to completely empty your bladder, don’t ignore them. Call our Urology Specialists office in Miami to schedule an appointment for an evaluation by one of our expert urologists. The aforementioned urinary problems are common and can arise due to many different urinary conditions.
For example, your apparent prostate symptoms could be related to a kidney mass that can initiate early kidney surgery for renal cell carcinoma, or kidney stones treatment. Urologic surgery such as bladder surgery for cancer bladder invasion may be caught early when your prostate symptoms end up being diagnosed as bladder symptoms. Either way, any symptoms should be addressed to avoid serious damage to your prostate or urinary tract and to prevent any prostate cancer from spreading. For some patients, we can prescribe prostate medication to reduce the prostate size. Other prostate treatments could include prostate surgery for BPH, prostate cancer surgery such as a robotic radical prostatectomy (da Vinci prostatectomy) for prostate removal, prostate cryosurgery (freezing the prostate) or prostate radiation. A complete prostate exam at our world renowned comprehensive urology center also includes other genitourinary diagnostics that can reveal erectile dysfunction causes or testicular cancer symptoms. Impotence causes can be addressed with natural medicine holistic treatment, traditional medicines, penis surgery for penile prosthesis (penis implant) or penile surgery for Peyronie’s disease.
Prostate exam is an important part of maintaining good prostate health. We recommend scheduling an annual prostate exam, sooner if you are experiencing any prostate problems. A prostate exam is only one part of your comprehensive checkup that should begin in your mid-forties. The results can help our urologists calculate a more accurate diagnosis and offer the most effective prostate treatment solutions for your condition.
Prostate Exam (continued)