Prostate Exam PSA Test
Prostate exam with PSA test can be an effective way to begin prostate cancer screening. PSA, or prostate specific antigen, is a protein that is produced by the prostate gland that helps to liquefy semen, making it possible to flow easily. PSA testing can help doctors formulate a prostate cancer diagnosis early. Early prostate cancer detection is important because that is when prostate cancer treatment is most effective and gives you the best prostate cancer prognosis. PSA tests that show normal PSA levels can reassure you that the likelihood of you having prostate cancer is lower.
Prostate exam with PSA test involves a blood test to determine if you have high PSA levels in your blood. The blood test results may show you have a small amount of PSA in your blood, which is normal. Malignant, or cancerous, cells produce more PSA than benign cells. This causes an increase of PSA levels in your blood.
It’s recommended that men between the ages of 40 and 75 have a PSA test for prostate cancer, especially those at higher risk of developing cancer. People at higher risk include older men (over 50) and those who have a family history of prostate cancer. In addition, men who consume high-fat diets or who are obese may also have higher prostate cancer PSA levels.
You may feel nervous about the possibility of having high PSA levels and prostate cancer. However, for many men it is better to know than to not know. This way you can either feel relief that you most likely do not have cancer or you can determine your prostate cancer treatment options before the cells develop into advanced prostate cancer.
Prostate exam with PSA test will be combined with a digital rectal exam to further evaluate any symptoms of prostate problems, such as prostate cancer symptoms, you may be having. However, a PSA blood test can produce a false positive. Elevated PSA levels can also be caused by an inflamed or enlarged prostate gland. On the other hand, fast growing cancers may not produce much PSA and give you a false-negative prostate PSA test. Our urologists are very experienced in interpreting prostate PSA levels and will carefully evaluate your PSA test results to make sure our diagnosis is accurate. Your PSA score will also be based on your age, the size of your prostate gland, and any changes in your PSA levels.